Banbhore, also known as Bambhore, Bhanbhore, or Bhambhore, is an ancient city located in the Sindh province of Pakistan. It is situated approximately 64 kilometers east of Karachi, near the Arabian Sea coast. The city has a rich history dating back to the first century AD, and it is considered to be one of the oldest cities in South Asia.
Banbhore was an important trading center during the early centuries of the Common Era, serving as a gateway between the Indian subcontinent and the western world. It was also a prominent center of Buddhism during the reign of the Kushan Empire, and many Buddhist relics and artifacts have been discovered in the area.
The city was conquered by the Arabs in the early 8th century, and it became an important center of Islamic civilization in the region. It served as the capital of the Arab province of Sindh for several centuries and was a major center of trade and commerce.
The ruins of Banbhore are spread over an area of several square kilometers, and they provide important insights into the architecture, urban planning, and way of life of the ancient city. The site has been excavated by archaeologists over the years, and numerous artifacts and relics have been unearthed, including coins, pottery, metalwork, and jewelry.
The city’s strategic location on the Arabian Sea coast made it vulnerable to attacks by foreign invaders, and it was ultimately abandoned in the 13th century. However, the remains of the city still stand as a testament to its rich cultural and historical heritage, and the site has been recognized as a national heritage site by the government of Pakistan.
Today, Banbhore is a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors from all over the world who are interested in exploring the rich history and culture of the region. The site has been developed for tourism, with facilities such as a museum, visitor center, and a guided tour of the ruins.